Frontal Polymerization Bibliography

  1. Chechilo, N. M.; Khvilivitskii, R. J.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "On the Phenomenon of Polymerization Reaction Spreading," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1972, 204, 1180-1181.
  2. Butakov, A. A.; Maksimov, E. I. "An experimental study of the heat regimes of tubular reactor,"Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 209, 643.
  3. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Process of Anionic Activated Polymerization of e-caprolactams under Conditions of Wave Propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 208, 892.
  4. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Process of Anionic Activated Polymerization of e-caprolactams under Conditions of Wave Propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 208, 892.
  5. Khanukaev, B. B.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Theory of the Propagation of a Polymerization Front,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1974, 214, 84-87.
  6. Khanukaev, B. B.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Theory of Polymerization-Front Propagation,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1974, 10, 562-568.
  7. Enikolopyan, N. S.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Khanukaev, B. B. "Molecular Weight Distribution during Isothermal and Frontal Polymerization,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1974, 217, 676-678.
  8. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Structure of the Polymerization Wave Front and Propagation Mechanism of the Polymerization Reaction,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1974, 214, 174-176.
  9. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Effect of the Concentration and Nature of Initiators on the Propagation Process in Polymerization,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1975, 221, 392-394.
  10. Aleksanyan, G. G.; Arutyunyan, K. A.; Bodneva, V. L.; Davtyan, S. P.; Prut, E. V.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Shkadinskii, K. G.; Yenikolopyan, N. S. "Some Rules Governing the Extension of the Front of Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers,"Polym. Sci. USSR 1975, A17, 1052-1059.
  11. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Effect of Pressure and Initial Temperature of the Reaction Mixture during Propagation of a Polymerization Reaction,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1976, 230, 840-843.
  12. Arutiunian, K. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Curing of epoxy resins of bis-phenol A by amines under conditions of reaction front propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1975, 223, 657-660.
  13. Surkov, N. F.; Davtyan, S. P.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Calculation of the Steady Velocity of the Reaction Front during Hardening of Epoxy Oligomers by Diamines,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1976, 228, 435-438.
  14. Davtyan, S. P.; Gukasova, E. A.; Makarova, S. B.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Gel Effect During Adiabatic Polymerization of n-Butyl Methacrylate,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1976, 231, 1279-1281.
  15. Davtyan, S. P.; Surkov, N. F.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Influence of the Gel Effect on the Kinetics of Radical Polymerization under the Conditions of the Polymerization Front Propagation,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1977, 232, 64-67.
  16. Butakov, A. A.; Shtessel, E. A. "The effect of gravitational convection on the regularities of exothermal reactions in tubular reactors,"Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 1977, 237, 1422.
  17. Davtyan, S. P.; Arutyunyan, K. A.; Shkadinskii, K. G.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Yenikolopyan, N. S. "The Mechanism of Epoxide oligomer hardening by diamines under advancing reaction front conditions,"Polymer Science U.S.S.R. 1978, 19, 3149-3154.
  18. Davtyan, S. P.; Gel'man, E. A.; Karyan, A. A.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Applicability of the Principle of Quasistationary concentrations to the Radical Polymerization of vinyl monomers under Adiabatic Conditions,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1980, 253, 579-582.
  19. Strunina, A. G.; Dvoryankin, A. V. Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1981, 260, 1185-1188.
  20. Gel'man, E. A.; Karyan, A. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Vol'pert, A. I. "Applicability of Principle of Quasistationary concentrations in Calculating Molecular Weight Distribution for Processes of Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers under nonisothermal Conditions,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1981, 260, 971-974.
  21. Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Wave existence in the simultaneous polymerization and crystallization,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1982, 268, 62-65.
  22. Gusika, P. L. "Theory of Polymerization Front Propagation in a Suspension,"Khim. Fiz. 1982, 7, 988-993.
  23. Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Existence of the polymerization wave with crystallization of the initial substance,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1983, 273, 1155-1158.
  24. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Anionic Activated e-Caprolactam Polymerization Process under Wave Propagation Conditions,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1985, 279, 1075-1077.
  25. Begishev, V. P.; Davtjan, S. P.; Enikalopov, N .S. ; Malkin, A. Ya.; Frunze, T. V.; Kotelnikov, V. A. ; Avakjan, U. A.; Volpert, Vit. A. , "Method of Production of Block Polycaproamide," Patent No. 1155606 USSR, 1985.
  26. Volpert, V. A.; Mergabova, I. N.; Davtyan, S. P.; Begishev, V. P. "Propagation of the Caprolactam Polymerization Wave,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1986, 21, 443-447.
  27. Zhizhin, G. V.; Segal, A. S.; Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "On Stationary States of Spherical and Cylindrical Front of the Reaction in Liquid with Variable Viscosity,"Kinet. Kataliz 1986, 27, 1310-1314.
  28. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Steady-State Modes of Frontal Polymerization in Radial Symmetric Delivery of the Monomer,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1987, 293, 357-360.
  29. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Megrabova, I. N. "Frontal Regimes of the Exothermic Reaction Proceeding by Radially Symmetrical Supply of Reagents,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1988, 24, 711-719.
  30. Barelko, V. V.; Barkalov, I. M.; Goldanskii, V. I.; Kiryukhin, D. P.; Sanin, A. M. "Autowave Modes of Conversion in Low-Temperature Chemical Reactions in Solids," Adv. Chem. Phys. 1988, 74, 339-385.
  31. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Megrabova, I. N. "Stability of frontal regimes for the occurence of an exothermic reaction with radially symmetrical supply of the reagents,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1989, 25, 23-31.
  32. Megrabova, I. N.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Two-dimensional chemical reaction regimes in a flow,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1990, 307, 618-620.
  33. Pojman, J. A., "Traveling Fronts of Methacrylic Acid Polymerization," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 6284-6286.
  34. Balcom, B. J.; Carpenter, T. A.; Hall, L. D. "Methacrylic Acid Polymerization. Travelling Waves Observed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging,"Macromolecules 1992, 25, 6818-6823.
  35. Pojman, J. A.; Craven, R.; Khan, A.; West, W. "Convective Instabilities Induced by Traveling Fronts of Addition Polymerization," J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 7466-7472.
  36. White, S. R.; Kim, C., Thermochemical modeling of an economical manufacturing technique for composite structures,37th Int. SAMPE Symp. Exhib., 1992, 240-251.
  37. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Mergabova, I. N.; Surkov, N. F. "Two-Dimensional Combustion Modes in Condensed Flow,"SIAM J. Appl. Math. 1992, 52, 368-383.
  38. White, S. R.; Kim, C. "A Simultaneous Lay-Up and in situ Cure Process for Thick Composites,"J. Reinforced Plastics and Comp. 1993, 12, 520-535.
  39. Pojman, J. A.; Nagy, I. P.; Salter, C. "Traveling Fronts of Addition Polymerization with a Solid Monomer,"J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 11044-11045.
  40. Korotkov, V. N.; Chekanov, Y. A.; Rozenberg, B. A. "The Simultaneous Process of Filament Winding and Curing for Polymer Composites,"Comp. Sci. & Tech. 1993, 47, 383-388.
  41. Solovyov, S. E.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Radially Symmetric Flow of Reacting Liquid with Changing Viscosity,"SIAM J. Appl. Math. 1993, 53, 907-914.
  42. Volpert, Vit. A.; Volpert, Vl. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Effect of Thermal Expansion on Stability of Reaction Front Propagation," Chem. Eng. Sci. 1994, 14, 2385-2388.
  43. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. "Propagation of Frontal Polymerization-Crystallization Waves,"Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1994, 5, 201-215.
  44. Savostyanov, V. S.; Kritskaya, D. A.; Ponomarev, A. N.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Thermally Initiated Frontal Polymerization of Transition Metal Nitrate Acrylamide Complexes,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A: Poly. Chem. 1994, 32, 1201-1212.
  45. Pojman, J. A.; Willis, J.; Fortenberry, D.; Ilyashenko, V.; Khan, A. "Factors Affecting Propagating Fronts of Addition Polymerization: Velocity, Front Curvature, Temperature Profile, Conversion and Molecular Weight Distribution," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1995, 33, 643-652.
  46. Pojman, J. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M. "Spin Mode Instabilities in Propagating Fronts of Polymerization," Physica D 1995, 84, 260-268.
  47. Nagy, I. P.; Sike, L.; Pojman, J. A. "Thermochromic Composite Prepared Via a Propagating Polymerization Front," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 3611-3612.
  48. Ilyashenko, V.; Solovyov, S.; Pojman, J. A. "Theoretical Aspects of Self-Propagating Reaction Fronts in Condensed Medium," AIChE Journal 1995, 41, 2631-2636.
  49. Kim, C.; Teng, H.; Tucker, C. L.; White, S. R. "The Continuous Curing Process for Thermoset Polymer Composites. Part 1: Modeling and Demonstration,"J. Comp. Mater. 1995, 29, 1222-1253.
  50. Nagy, I. P.; Sike, L.; Pojman, J. A., "Thermochromic Composites and Propagating Polymerization Fronts," Adv. Mat. 1995, 7, 1038-1040.
  51. Szalay, J.; Nagy, I. P.; Barkai, I.; Zsuga, M. "Conductive Composites Prepared via a Propagating Polymerization Front,"Die Ang. Makr. Chem. 1996, 236, 97-109.
  52. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Hydrodynamic Stability of a Polymerization Front," Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1996, 7, 303-320.
  53. Garbey, M.; Taik, A.; Volpert, V. "Linear Stability Analysis of Reaction Fronts in Liquids,"Quart. Appl. Math. 1996, 54, 225-247.
  54. Pojman, J. A.;Willis, J. R.; Khan , A. M.; West, W. W., "The True Molecular Weight Distributions of Acrylate Polymers formed in Propagating Fronts," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1996, 34, 991-995.
  55. Nagy, I. P.; Pojman, J. A., "Suppressing Convective Instabilities in Propagating Fronts by Tube Rotation," J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 3299-3304.
  56. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Hydrodynamic Stability of a Polymerization Front,"Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1996, 7, 303-320.
  57. Pojman, J. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M. "Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization: Self-Propagating Thermal Reaction Waves,"J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1996, 92, 2824-2836.
  58. Pojman, J. A.; Curtis, G.; Ilyashenko, V. M. "Frontal Polymerization in Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 115, 3783-3784.
  59. Khan, A. M.; Pojman, J. A. "The Use of Frontal Polymerization in Polymer Synthesis,"Trends Polym. Sci. (Cambridge, U.K.) 1996, 4, 253-257.
  60. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Garbey, M.; Pojman, J. A. Stability of Reaction Fronts: in Gas-Phase Chemical Reaction Systems: Experiments and Models 100 Years after Max Bodenstein; Wolfrum, J.; Volpp, H.-R.; Rannacher, R. Warnatz, J., Ed.; Springer Berlin: Heidelberg, 1996; pp 309-317.
  61. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Mathematical Modeling of Free-Radical Polymerization Fronts,"J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 3474-3482.
  62. Pojman, J. A.; Elcan, W.; Khan, A. M.; Mathias, L. "Binary Polymerization Fronts: A New Method to Produce Simultaneous Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (SINs),"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1997, 35, 227-230.
  63. Apostolo, M.; Tredici, A.; Morbidelli, M.; Varma, A. "Propagation Velocity of the Reaction Front in Addition Polymerization Systems,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1997, 35, 1047-1059.
  64. Bowden, G.; Garbey, M.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S.; Taik, A.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Convection on a Propagating Front with a Solid Product: Comparison of Theory and Experiments,"J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 678-686.
  65. Solovyov, S. E.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Numerical Modeling of Self-Propagating Fronts of Addition Polymerization: The Role of Kinetics on Front Stability," Chaos 1997, 7, 331-340.
  66. Pojman, J. A.; West, W. W.; Simmons, J. "Propagating Fronts of Polymerization in the Physical Chemistry Laboratory," J. Chem. Ed. 1997, 74, 727-730.
  67. Pojman, J.; Fortenberry, D.; Ilyashenko, V. "Frontal Polymerization as an Analog of SHS," Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 1997, 6, 355-376.
  68. Chekanov, Y.; Arrington, D.; Brust, G.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Curing of Epoxy Resin: Comparison of Mechanical and Thermal Properties to Batch Cured Materials,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1997, 66, 1209-1216.
  69. Pojman, J. A.; Khan, A. M.; Mathias, L. J. "Frontal Polymerization in Microgravity: Results from the Conquest I Sounding Rocket Flight,"Microg. sci. technol. 1997, X, 36-40.
  70. Galyagin, K. S.; Vakhrameev, E. I. "Numerical Calculation of the Frontal Polymerisation of a Thermoplastic in a Cylindrical Reactor," International Polymer Science and Technology 1997, 25(5), 35-38.
  71. Coons, L. S.; Rangarajan, B.; Godshall, D.; Scranton, A. B. Photopolymerization of Vinyl Ester: Glass Fiber Composites: in Photopolymerization: Fundamentals and Applications, ACS Symposium Series 673; Scranton, A. B.; Bowman, C. N. Peiffer, R. W., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1997; pp 203-218.
  72. Srivastava, P. K.; Majhi, S. S.; Rastogi, R. P.; Hanazaki, I. "Color Bands in Methacrylic Acid Polymerization," Chem. Ltts. 1998, 27, 1251-1252.
  73. Tredici, A.; Pechhini, R.; Sliepcevich, A.; Morbidelli, M. "Polymer Blends by Self-Propagating Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1998, 70, 2695-2702.
  74. Tredici, A.; Pecchini, R.; Morbidelli, M. "Self-Propagating Frontal Copolymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1998, 36, 1117-1126.
  75. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Polymerization in a Porous Medium,"Chem. Eng. Sci. 1998, 53, 1655-1665.
  76. Fortenberry, D. I.; Khan, A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. Frontal Polymerization: Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis of Polymeric Materials: in Synthesis and Characterization of Advanced Materials, ACS Symposium Series No. 681; Serio, M. A.; Gruen, D. M. Malhotra, R., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1998; pp 220-235.
  77. Volpert, Vit; Volpert, Vl.; Ilyashenko, V.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Polymerization in a Porous Medium," Chem. Eng. Sci. 1998, 53, 1655-1665.
  78. Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Single Head Spin Modes in Frontal Polymerization,"Chaos 1998, 8, 285-289.
  79. Masere, J.; Pojman, J. A. "Free Radical-Scavenging Dyes as Indicators of Frontal Polymerization Dynamics,"J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1998, 94, 919-922.
  80. McCaughey, B.; Pojman, J. A.; Simmons, C.; Volpert, V. A. "The Effect of Convection on a Propagating Front with a Liquid Product: Comparison of Theory and Experiments,"Chaos 1998, 8, 520-529.
  81. Pojman, J. A.; Gunn, G.; Patterson, C.; Owens, J.; Simmons, C. "Frontal Dispersion Polymerization," J. Phys. Chem. B; 1998, 102, 3927-3929.
  82. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "Nonadiabatic frontal polymerization,"J. Eng. Math. 1998, 34, 301-318.
  83. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "A model of frontal polymerization including the gel effect,"Math. Problems in Engin. 1998, 4, 377-391.
  84. Galgyin, K. S.; Vakhrameev, E. L. "Numerical Calculation of the Frontal Polymerisation of a Thermoplastic in a Cylindrical Reactor," International. Polym. Sci. & Tech. 1998, 25, 35-38.
  85. Masere,J.; Stewart, F.; Meehan, T.; Pojman, J. A. "Period-doubling Behavior in Frontal Polymerization of Multifunctional Acrylates," Chaos, 1999, 9, 315-322
  86. Pojman, J. A.; Fortenberry, D.; Lewis, L. L.; Simmons, C.; Ilyashenko, V. Solvent-Free Synthesis by Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization: in Solvent-Free Polymerizations and Processes, ACS Symposium Series No. 713; Long, T. E. Hunt, M. O., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C., 1998; pp 140-153.
  87. Garbey, M.; Tromeur-Dervout, D. "A New Parallel Solver for the Nonperiodic Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations with a Fourier Method: Application to Frontal Polymerization,"J. Comp. Phys. 1998, 145, 316-331.
  88. Barelko, V. V.; Pomogailo, A. D.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Evstratova, S. I.; Rozenberg, A. S.; Uflyand, I. E. "The Autowave Modes of Solid Phase Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers in Two- and Three-Dimensional Fiberglass-Filled Matrices,"Chaos 1999, 9, 342-347.
  89. Szalay, J.; Nagy, I.; Bayai, I.; DeaK, G.; Bazsa, G.; Zsuga, M. "High Temperature Copolymerization of Styrene and Maleic Anhydride in Propagating Polymerization Front," Macromol. Rapid Comm. 1999, 20, 315-318.
  90. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "A Model of Frontal Polymerization Using Complex Initiation," Math. Problems in Enginering 1999, 5, 139-160.
  91. Schult, D. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Linear Stability Analysis of Thermal Free Radical Polymerization Waves,"Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 1999, 8, 417-440.
  92. Kiryukhin, D. P.; Barelko, V. V.; Barkalov, I. M. "Traveling Waves of Cryochemical Reaction in Radiolyzed Systems (Review)," High Energy Chemistry 1999, 33, 133-144.
  93. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "On The Steady State Approximation in Thermal Free Radical Frontal Polymerization,"Chem. Eng. Sci. 2000, 55, 641-654.
  94. Fortenberry, D. I.; Pojman, J. A. "Solvent-Free Synthesis of Polyacrylamide by Frontal Polymerization,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 2000, 38, 1129-1135
  95. Texier-Picard, R.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Effect of Interfacial Tension on Propagating Polymerization Fronts,"Chaos 2000, 10, 224-230.
  96. Masere, J.; Chekanov, Y..; Warren, J. R.; Stewart, F.; Al-Kaysi, R.; Rasmussen, J. K.; Pojman, J. A. "Gas-free Initiators for High-Temperature Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2000, 38,  3984-3990.
  97. Chekanov, Y. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Preparation of Functionally Gradient Materials Via Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2000, 78, 2398-2404.
  98. Kiryukhin, D. P.; Barkalov, I. M. "The Autowave Regimes of Cryopolymerization," Polymer Science Series B 2000, 42, 244-253.
  99. Rosell, A.; Storti, G.; Morbidelli, M. "Reaction Propagation in Frontal Polymerization," DECHEMA Monographien 2001, 137, 487-494.
  100. Manz, B.; Masere, J.; Pojman, J. A.; Volke, F. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spiral Patterns in Crosslinked Polymer Gels Produced via Frontal Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2001, 39, 1075-1080.
  101. Allali, K.; Pojman, J.; Volpert, V. "Influence of Vibrations on Convective Instability of Polymerization Fronts,"J. Eng. Math. 2001, 41, 13-31.
  102. Ainsworth, W.; Pojman, J. A.; Chekanov, Y.; Masere, J. Bubble Behavior in Frontal Polymerization: Results from KC-135 Parabolic Flights: in Polymer Research in Microgravity: Polymerization and Processing, ACS Symposium Series No. 793; Downey, J. P. Pojman, J. A., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2001; pp 112-125.
  103. Mariani, A.; Fiori, S.; Chekanov, Y.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene,"Macromolecules 2001, 34, 6539-6541.
  104. Washington, R. P.; Steinbock, O. "Frontal Polymerization Synthesis of Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogels,"J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 7933-7934.
  105. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Linear Stability Analysis of Nonadiabatic Free Radical Polymerization Waves,"Combustion Theory and Modelling 2001, 5, 21-39.
  106. Davtyan, D. S.; Bagdasaryan, A. E.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Davtyan, S. P. "To the Contribution of Thermal Convective Mass Transfer fo the Reactive Mixture Components to Frontal Curing of Epoxydiane Oligomers," Chem. Phys. Reports 2001, 19, 1757-1765.
  107. Davtyan, S. P.; Hambartsumyan, A. F.; Davtyan, D. S.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Hayrapetyan, S.; Bagyan, S. H.; Manukyan, L. S. "The Structure, Rate and Stability of Autowaves During Polymerization of Co Metal-Complexes with Acrylamide," European Polymer Journal 2002, 38, 2423-2431.
  108. Pojman, J. A.; Masere, J.; Petretto, E.; Rustici, M.; Huh, D.-S.; Kim, M. S.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Reactor Geometry on Frontal Polymerization Spin Modes,"Chaos 2002, 56-65.
  109. Bazile Jr., M.; Nichols, H. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Orientation on Thermoset Frontal Polymerization,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 2002, 40, 3504-3508.
  110. Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Nonlinear Dynamics of SHS-Like Processes in Polymer Chemistry" in Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Materials; A. A. Borisov, L. T. De Luca., A. G. Merzhanov, Ed.; Taylor and Francis:  New York, 2002; pp 99-118.
  111. Fiori, S.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Russo, S. "Interpenetrating Polydicyclopentadiene/Polyacrylate Networks Obtained by Simultaneous Non-interfering Frontal Polymerization,"e-Polymers 2002, 29, 1-10.
  112. Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Casazza, E. "Synthesis and Characterization of a Polyester/Styrene Resin obtained by Frontal Polymerization," e-Polymers 2002, 57, 1-10.
  113. Dzhardimalieva, G. I.Pomogailo, A.D.; Volpert, Vit .A. "Frontal Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers: A Topical Review,"Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers 2002, 12, 1-21.
  114. Gill, N.; Pojman, J. A.; Willis, J.; Whitehead, J. B. "Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal (PDLC) Materials Fabricated Using Frontal Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2003, 41, 204-212
  115. Perry, M.F.; Volpert, Vl, A; Lewis, L. L.; Nichols, H. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Free-radical Frontal Copolymerization: The Dependence of the Front Velocity on the Monomer Feed Composition and Reactivity Ratios," Macromolecular Theory and Simulations 2003, 12, 276-286.
  116. Fiori, S.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Russo, S., "First Synthesis of a Polyurethane by Frontal Polymerization," Macromolecules 2003, 36, 2674-2679.
  117. Mariani, A.; Bidali, S.; Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Sanna, E. "Synthesis and Characterization of a Polyurethane Prepared by Frontal Polymerization,"e-Polymers 2003, 44, 1-9.
  118. Washington, R. P.; Steinbock, O. "Frontal Free-Radical Polymerization: Applications to Materials Synthesis," Polymer News 2003, 28, 303-310.
  119. Bidali, S.; Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A. "Frontal Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Tri-ethylene glycol) Dimethacrylate," e-Polymers 2003, 60, 1-12.
  120. Huh, D. S.; Kim, H. S. "Bistability of Propagating Front with Spin-mode in a Frontal Polymerization of Trimethylopropane Triacrylate,"Polymer International 2003, 52, 1900-1904.
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  233. Illescas, J.; Ramirez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Rivera, E.; Morales-Saavedra, O. G.; Rodríguez-Rosales, A. A.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Diacrylate Copolymers Containing Azobenzene Groups Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2011, 49, 3291-3298.
  234. Rigolini, J.; Bombled, F.; Ehrenfeld, F.; El Omari, K.; Le Guer, Y.; Grassl, B. "2d-Infrared Thermography Monitoring of Ultrasound-Assisted Polymerization of Water-Soluble Monomer in a Gel Process," Macromolecules 2011, 44, 4462-4469.
  235. Ramírez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Illescas, J.; Gelover-Santiago, A.; Rivera, E. "“Luminescent Polymers Containing Pyrenyl Groups Prepared by Frontal Polymerization of Di(Ethylene Glycol) Ethyl Ether Acrylate Using Trigonox-23 as Initiator”," Mater. Chem. Phys. 2012, 135, 772-779.
  236. Li, S.; Zhang, H.; Feng, J.; Xu, R.; Liu, X. "Facile Preparation of Poly(Acrylic Acid–Acrylamide) Hydrogels by Frontal Polymerization and Their Use in Removal of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Solution," Desalination 2011 280, 95-102.
  237. Li, J.; Ji, J.; Xia, J.; Li, B. "Preparation of Konjac Glucomannan-Based Superabsorbent Polymers by Frontal Polymerization," Carbohydrate Polymers 2012, 87 757-763.
  238. Sanna, R.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Marceddu, S.; Mariani, A. "Polymer Hydrogels of 2-Hydroxyethyl Acrylate and Acrylic Acid Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012, 50, 1515-1520.
  239. Illescas, J.; Ortíz-Palacios, J.; Esquivel-Guzmán, J.; Ramirez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Rivera, E.; Morales-Saavedra, O. G.; Rodríguez-Rosales, A. A.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Mariani, A. "Preparation and Optical Characterization of Two Photoactive Poly(Bisphenol a Ethoxylate Diacrylate) Copolymers Containing Designed Amino-Nitro-Substituted Azobenzene Units, Obtained Via Classical and Frontal Polymerization, Using Novel Ionic Liquids as Initiators," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012 50, 1906-1916.
  240. Parrinello, C. A.; Bounds, C. O.; Liveri, M. L. T.; Pojman, J. A. "Thermal Frontal Polymerization with a Thermally Released Redox Catalyst," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012, 50, 2337-2343.
  241. Datta, P.; Efimenkoa, K.; Genzer, J. "The Effect of Confinement on Thermal Frontal Polymerization," Polym. Chem. 2012, 3, 3243–3246.
  242. Pojman, J. A. Frontal Polymerization: in Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference; Matyjaszewski, K. Möller, M., Ed.; Elsevier BV: Amsterdam, 2012; pp 957–980.
  243. Viner, V. "Frontal Polymerization of a Cyanate Ester," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2013, 128, 2208-2215.
  244. Mota-Morales, J. D.; Gutiérrez, M. C.; Ferrer, M. L.; Sanchez, I. C.; Elizalde-Peña, E. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Monte, F. D.; Luna-Bárcenas, G. "Deep Eutectic Solvents as Both Active Fillers and Monomers for Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A:  Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 1767–1773.
  245. Mota-Morales, J. D.; Gutierrez, M. C.; Ferrer, M. L.; Jimenez, R.; Santiago, P.; Sanchez, I. C.; Terrones, M.; Del Monte, F.; Luna-Barcenas, G. "Synthesis of Macroporous Poly(Acrylic Acid)-Carbon Nanotube Composites by Frontal Polymerization in Deep-Eutectic Solvents," J. Mater. Chem. A, 2103, 1, 3970-3976.
  246. Morales, A.; Pojman, J. A. "A Study of the Effects of Thiols on the Frontal Polymerization and Pot Life of Multifunctional Acrylate Systems Initiated by Cumene Hydroperoxide," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 3850-3855.
  247. Zhong, D.-D.; Liu, X.; Pang, Q.-Q.; Huang, Y.-P.; Liu, Z.-S. "Rapid Preparation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer by Frontal Polymerization," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2013, 405, 3205-3214.
  248. Zhou, Z.-F.; Yu, C.; Wang, X.-Q.; Tang, W.-Q.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Facile Access to Poly(Nma-Co-Vcl) Hydrogels Via Long Range Laser Ignited Frontal Polymerization," J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1, 7326-7331.
  249. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J., "Photo-triggered redox frontal polymerization: A new tool for synthesizing thermally sensitive materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51 (21), 4515-4521.
  250. Liu, N.; Shao, H.; Wangm C-F; Chen, Q-L.; Chen, S. "High performance of interpenetrating polymer network hydrogels induced by frontal polymerization," Colloid Polym Sci. 2013, 291, 1871–1879.
  251. Illescas, J.; Sanna, R.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Casu, M.; Rivera, E.; Mariani, A. "Organic–Inorganic Interpenetrating Polymer Networks and Hybrid Polymer Materials Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 4618-4625.
  252. Li, S.; Huang, H.; Tao, M.; Liu, X.; Cheng, T. "Frontal Polymerization Preparation of Poly(Acrylamide-Co-Acrylic Acid)/Activated Carbon Composite Hydrogels for Dye Removal," J. Appl. Poly. Sci. 2013, 129, 3737-3745.
  253. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J. "Phototriggered Base Proliferation: A Highly Efficient Domino Reaction for Creating Functionally Photo-Screened Materials," Macromolecules 2013, 46, 6402-6407.
  254. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J. "Domino free radical photopolymerization based on phototriggered base proliferation reaction and redox initiations," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2014, 52, 1560–1569.
  255. Scognamillo, S.; Bounds, C.; Thakuri, S.; Mariani, A.; Wu, Q.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Cationic Curing of Epoxy Resins in the Presence of Defoaming or Expanding Compounds," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40339-40349.
  256. Corcione, C.; Freuli, F.; Frigione, M. "Cold-Curing Structural Epoxy Resins: Analysis of the Curing Reaction as a Function of Curing Time and Thickness," Materials 2014, 7, 6832.
  257. Yu, C.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Robust Self-Healing Host–Guest Gels from Magnetocaloric Radical Polymerization," Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 1235-1242.
  258. Li, S.; HanlinWang; Huang, W.; Liu, X. "Facile Preparation of pH-Sensitive Poly(Acrylic Acid-Co-Acrylamide)/Sio2 Hybrid Hydrogels with High Strength by in Situ Frontal Polymerization," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2014, 292, 107–113.
  259. Qingbin, L.; Yongjun, H.; Qingzhi, Y.; Changchun, G. "Reaction System, Initiation, Process and Application of Frontal Polymerization," Progress in Chemistry 2014, 26, 1202-1213.
  260. Z. Chen, P. L., L. Shi, Z. X. Huang, B. Y. Jiang "Preparation of Nano Carbon Black/Epoxy Composite by Frontal Polymerization," Applied Mechanics and Materials 2014, 692, 416-419.
  261. Pomogailo, D. A.; Singh, S.; Singh, M.; Yadav, B. C.; Tandon, P.; Pomogailo, S. I.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Kydralieva, K. A. "PolymerMatrix Nanocomposite GasSensing Materials," Inorganic Mater. 2014, 50, 296–305.
  262. Carranza, A.; Gewin, M.; Pojman, J. A. "Europium-Doped Aluminum Oxide Phosphors as Indicators for Frontal Polymerization Dynamics," Chaos 2014, 24, 023118.
  263. Ruiu, A.; Sanna, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Mariani, A. "Advances in the Frontal Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene," J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Poly. Chem. 2014, 52, 2776-2780.
  264. Tang, W.-Q.; Mao, L.-H.; Zhou, Z.-F.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, Q.-L.; Chen, S. "Facile Synthesis of 4-Vinylpyridine-Based Hydrogels Via Laser-Ignited Frontal Polymerization and Their Performance on Ion Removal," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2014, 292, 2529-2537.
  265. Robertson, I. D.; Hernandez, H. L.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S. "Rapid Stiffening of a Microfluidic Endoskeleton Via Frontal Polymerization," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 18469-18474.
  266. Allali, K.; Assiyad, S.; Belhaq, M. "Convection of Polymerization Front with Solid Product under Quasi-Periodic Gravitational Modulation," Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory 2014, 14, 323–334.
  267. Tonoyan, A. O.; Davtyan, S. P.; Müller, S. C. "Frontal Reaction of Epoxy Oligomers in Tubular Flux Reactors," Macromol. React. Eng. 2014, 8, 442-450.
  268. Davtyan, S. P.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Varderesyan, A. Z.; Müller, S. C. "Frontal Copolymerization in the Presence of Nano-Particles," European Polymer Journal 2014, 57, 182-186.
  269. Chen, Q.-L.; Tang, W.-Q.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Synthesis of Fluorescent Carbon Dots from One-Step Pyrolysis of Frontal-Polymerized Poly(Acrylamide-Co-4-Vinylpyridine)," Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. 2014, 117, 1583-1588.
  270. Retailleau, M.; Ibrahim, A.; Allonas, X. "Dual-Cure Photochemical/Thermal Polymerization of Acrylates: A Photoassisted Process at Low Light Intensity," Polymer Chemistry 2014, 5, 6503-6509.
  271. Corcione, C. E.; Freuli, F.; Frigione, M. "Cold-Curing Structural Epoxy Resins: Analysis of the Curing Reaction as a Function of Curing Time and Thickness," Materials 2014, 7, 6832-6842.
  272. Zhou, J. P.; Zhao, H. F.; Wu, H. R.; Liu, Z. L.; Jia, S. J. " Alicyclic Epoxy Resin Cured by Thermal Frontal Polymerization," CIESC Journal 2014, 65, 3283-3289.
  273. Nuvoli, D.; Alzari, V.; Pojman, J.; Sanna, V.; Ruiu, A.; Sanna, D.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Functionally Gradient Materials Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 3600−3606.
  274. Kalinina, K. S.; Golubeva, N. D.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Macromolecular Acrylamide Complexes of Rhodium: Synthesis and Characterization," Macromolecular Symposia 2015, 351, 81-86.
  275. Illescas, J.; Ramírez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Zaragoza-Galán, G.; Porcu, P.; Mariani, A.; Rivera, E. "Pegda-Based Luminescent Polymers Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2015, 53, 2890-2897.
  276. Singh, S.; Singh, A.; Yadav, B. C.; Tandon, P.; Kumar, S.; Yadav, R. R.; Pomogailo, S. I.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Frontal Polymerization of Acrylamide Complex with Nanostructured Zns and Pbs: Their Characterizations and Sensing Applications," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2015, 207, Part A, 460-469.
  277. Zhang, W.; Yang, S.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Anisotropic Biphase Frontal Polymerization toward in Situ Generation of Dual-Component Polymers," Macromolecules 2015, 48, 5543-5549.
  278. Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Sanna, D.; Ruiu, A.; Mariani, A. "Effect of Limonene on the Frontal Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene," Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2016, 54, 63-68.
  279. Nuvoli, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, L.; Rassu, M.; Sanna, D.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(2-Hydroxyethylacrylate)/Β-Cyclodextrin Hydrogels Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," Carbohydrate Polymers 2016, 150, 166-171.
  280. Robertson, I. D.; Pruitt, E. L.; Moore, J. S. "Frontal Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Exo-Dicyclopentadiene for Low Catalyst Loadings," ACS Macro Lett. 2016, 5, 593-596.
  281. Nuvoli, L.; Sanna, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Sanna, V.; Malfatti, L.; Mariani, A. "Double Responsive Copolymer Hydrogels Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 2016, 54, 2166-2170.
  282. Holt, T.; Fazende, K.; Jee, E.; Wu, Q.; Pojman, J. A. "Cure-on-Demand Wood Adhesive Based on the Frontal Polymerization of Acrylates," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 44064.

 

Patents Related to Frontal Polymerization

Dixon, G. D., "In Depth Curing of Resins Induced by Uv Radiation," 1980, U. S. Patent, 4,222,835.

Scranton, A. B.; Bharath, R.; S., C. L., "Thick, Composite Parts Made from Photopolymerizable Compositions and Methods for Making Such Parts," 1999, U. S. Patent 5,855,837,

Pojman, J. A.; McCardle, T. W. "Functionally Gradient Polymeric Materials," 2000, U.S. Patent 6,057,406.


Pojman, J. A.; McCardle, T. W. "Functionally Gradient Polymeric Materials," 2001, U.S. Patent 6,313,237.

Gregory, S., "Ultraviolet curable resin compositions having enhanced shadow cure properties," 2001, U.S. Patent 6,245,827.


Pfeil; A ; Burgel; T.; Morbidelli; M.; Rosell; A.," Mortar composition, curable by frontal polymerization, and a method for fastening tie bars," 2003, U.S. Patent 6,533,503

Burgel, T.; Marianne, B., "Mortar Composition of at Least Two Components and Curable by Heat Initiation and a Method for Fastening Tie Rods, Reinforcing Steel for Concrete or the Like in Solid Substrates," 2004, US Patent, 6,815,517.

MacKay, B. A.; Sullivan, P. F.; Nicolas Droger, N.; Ralph M. D’Angelo, W.; Miller, D. E., "Method for Treating Well Bore within a Subterranean Formation.," 2012, US, 8,215,393 B2.

Moszner, N.; Salz, U.; Burtscher, P.; Liska, R.; GUGG, A.; GORSCHE, C., "Polymerizable Compositions with Improved through-Curing Depth," 2015, US8557888B2.

 

Isothermal Frontal Polymerization ( Interfacial Gel Polymerization)

  1. Koike, Y.; Takezawa, Y.; Ohtsuka, Y. "New Interfacial-Gel Copolymerization Techniques for Steric GRIN Polymer Optical Waveguides and Lens Arrays,"Appl. Opt. 1988, 27, 486-491.
  2. Golubev, V. B.; Gromov, D. G.; Korolev, B. A. "The Mechanism of Frontal Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate,"J. Appl. Polymer Science 1992, 46, 1501-1502.
  3. Gromov, D. G.; Frisch, H. L. "A simple Mathematical Model of Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polymer Science 1992, 46, 1499-1500.
  4. Koike, Y. Gradient Index Materials and Components: in Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics; Hornak, L. A., Ed.; Marcel Dekker: New York, 1992; pp 71-104.
  5. Smirnov, B. R. M. k., S. S.; Lusinov, I. A.; Sidorenko, A. A.;Stegno, E. V.; Ivanov, V. V. "Frontal radical polymerization in the presence of a polymeric inhibitor,"Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 1993, 35, 161-162.
  6. Zhang, Q.; Wang, P.; Zhai, Y. "Refractive Index Distribution of Graded Index Poly(methyl methacrylate) Preform Made by Interfacial-Gel Polymerization,"Macromolecules 1997, 30, 7874-7879.
  7. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Mathematical Modeling of Interfacial Gel Polymerization,"Mathematical and Computer Modelling 1999, 30, 67-73.
  8. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Mathematical Modeling of Interfacial Gel Polymerization for Weak and Srtong Gel Effects,"Macromol. Theory Simul. 2000, 9, 26-46.
  9. Masere, J.; Lewis, L. L.; Pojman, J. A. "Optical Gradient Materials Produced Via Low-Temperature Isothermal Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2001, 80, 686-691.
  10. Ivanov, V. V.; Stegno, E. V.; Pushchaeva, L. M. "Influence of Reaction Conditions on the Frontal Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate," Polym. Sci. Ser. A 2002, 44, 1017-1022.
  11. Lewis, L. L.; DeBisschop, C. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A. Evolution of Isothermal Polymerization Fronts via Laser Line Deflection and Predictive Modeling: in Nonlinear Dynamics in Polymeric Systems, ACS Symposium Series No. 869; Pojman, J. A. Tran-Cong-Miyata, Q., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2003; pp 169-185.
  12. Lewis, L. L.; DeBisschop, C. S.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert4, V. A. "Isothermal Frontal Polymerization: Confirmation of the Mechanism and Determination of Factors Affecting Front Velocity, Front Shape, and Propagation Distance with Comparison to Mathematical Modeling,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem. 2005, 43, 5774-5786.
  13. Devadoss, D. E.; Volpert, V. A. "Modeling Isothermal Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization with Gel Effect Using Free Volume Theory, with and without Inhibition," J. Mathematical Chem. 2006, 39, 73-104.
  14. Evstratova, S. I.; Antrim, D.; Fillingane, C.; Pojman, J. A. "Isothermal Frontal Polymerization: Confirmation of the Isothermal Nature of the Process and the Effect of Oxygen and Polymer Seed Molecular Weight on Front Propagation," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2006, 44, 3601-3608.
  15. Cho, H.; Son, Y. M.; Kim, M. G.; Ra, B. J.; Park, J.-Y.; Lee, S. H.; Choi, J. S.; Song, M. Y.; Park, O. O.; Kim, Y. C.; Hwang, J. T. "Commercial Scale Fabrication Method for Fabricating a Gradient Refractive-Index Rod: Overcoming Volume Shrinkage and Chemical Restrictions," Appl. Optics 2006, 45, 7239-7247.
  16. Lewis, L. L.; Massey, K. N.; Meyer, E. R.; McPherson, J. R.; Hanna, J. S. "New Insight into Isothermal Frontal Polymerization Models: Wieners Method to Determine the Diffusion Coefficients for High Molecular-Weight Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) with Neat Methyl Methacrylate," Optics and Lasers in Engineering 2008, 46, 900-910.
  17. Ivanov, V. V.; Mel’nikov, V. P.; Stegno, E. V. "Efficiency of Polymer Inhibitors Upon Methylmethacrylate Polymerization in Frontal Mode," Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2012, 6, 750-751.

 

Frontal Photopolymerization

(A localized propagation polymerization reaction that is driven by absorption of light.)

 

  1. Koike, Y.; Hatanaka, H.; Otsuka, Y. "Studies on the Light-Focusing Plastic Rod. 17. Plastic Grin Rod Lens Prepared by Photocopolymerization of a Ternary Monomer System," Appl. Opt. 1984, 23, 1779-1783.
  2. Ohtsuka, Y.; Koike, Y. "Studies on the Light Focusing Plastic Rod. 18: Control of Refractive-Index Distribution by Photocopolymerization," Appl. Opt. 1985, 24, 4316-4320.Righetti, P. G.; Bossi, A.; Giglio, M.; Vailati, A.;
  3. Lyubimova, T.; Briskman, V. A. "Is Gravity on our Way? The Case of Polyacrylamide Gel Polymerization," Electrophoresis 1994, 15, 1005-1013.
  4. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G. "Polymer Under Microgravity Conditions: Results and Perspectives," Polym. Prepr. (Am Chem. Soc. Div. Polym. Chem.) 2000, 41, 1054-1055.
  5. Briskman, V. A. "Gravitational Effects in Polymerization,"Adv. Space Res. 1999, 24, 1199-1210.
  6. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G.; Levtov, V.; Lyubimova, T.; Mashinsky, A.; Nechitailo, G.; Romanov, V. "Polymerization Under Different Gravity Conditions,"Acta Astronautica 1996, 39, 395-402.
  7. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G.; Lyubimova, T. P. Gel Polymerization at High Gravity: in Materials Processing in High Gravity; Regel, L. L., Ed.; Plenum: New York, 1994; pp 185-191.
  8. Terrones, G.; Pearlstein, A. J. "Effects of Optical Attenuation and Comsumption of a Photobleaching Initiator on Local Initiation Rates in Photopolymerizations,"Macromolecules 2001, 34, 3195-3204.
  9. Ivanov, V. V.; Decker, C. "Kinetic Study of Photoinitiated Frontal Polymerization,"Polym. Intern. 2001, 50, 113-118.
  10. Miller, G. A.; Gou, L.; Narayanan, V.; Scranton, A. B. "Modeling of Photobleaching for the Photoiniation of Thick Polymerization Systems," J. Poly. Sci.: Part A: Polym. Chem. 2002, 40, 793-808.
  11. Belk, M.; Kostarev, K. G.; Volpert, V.; Yudina, T. M. "Frontal Photopolymerization with Convection,"J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107, 10292-10298.
  12. Cabral, J. T.; Hudson, S. D.; Harrison, C.; Douglas, J. F. "Frontal Photopolymerization for Microfluidic Applications,"Langmuir 2004, 20, 10020-10029.
  13. Decker, C.; Keller, L.; Zahouily, K.; Benfarhi, S. "Synthesis of Nanocomposite Polymers by UV-radiation Curing," Polymer, 2005, 46, 6640-6648.
  14. João T. Cabral & Jack F. Douglas (2005) Propagating waves of network formation induced by light. Polymer, 46, 4230-4241.
  15. Warren, J. A.; Cabral, J. T.; Douglas, J. F. "Solution of a Field Theory Model of Frontal Photopolymerization.," Phys. Rev. E 2005, 72, 021801.
  16. Tao, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Cui, Y.; Chen, Y. "Study on Spatial–Temporal Kinetics of Photo-Initiated Frontal Polymerization in Stacked Reaction Cells," Polym. Intern. 2006, 55, 418-425.
  17. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "Monitoring Frontal Photopolymerization by Electroresistance," Eur. Polym. J. 2007, 43, 3912–3922.
  18. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "Unique Morphology and Properties Study of Polyacrylate Obtained Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Polymer 2007, 48, 5994-6001.
  19. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zhan, Y.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "In Situ Fabrication of Polyacrylate/Nanozirconia Hybrid Material Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2008, 286, 97-106.
  20. Kostarev, K. G.; Svistkov, A. L.; Shmyrov, A. V. "Formation of Inhomogeneities in Polyacrylamide Gel in the Course of Frontal Polymerization," Polym. Sci. Ser. A 2008, 50, 710-715.
  21. Hayki, N.; Lecamp, L.; DeÃÅsilles, N.; Lebaudy, P. "Kinetic Study of Photoinitiated Frontal Polymerization. Influence of Uv Light Intensity Variations on the Conversion Profiles," Macromolecules 2009, 43, 177-184.
  22. Turturro, M. V.; Papavasiliou, G. "Generation of Mechanical and Biofunctional Gradients in Peg Diacrylate Hydrogels by Perfusion-Based Frontal Photopolymerization," Journal of Biomaterials Science 2012, 23, 917–939.
  23. Vitale, A.; Hennessy, M. G.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "Interfacial Profile and Propagation of Frontal Photopolymerization Waves," Macromolecules 2014, 48, 198-205.
  24. Hennessy, M. G.; Vitale, A.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "Controlling Frontal Photopolymerization with Optical Attenuation and Mass Diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 2015, 91, 062402.
  25. Hennessy, M. G.; Vitale, A.; Cabral, J. T.; Matar, O. K. "Role of Heat Generation and Thermal Diffusion During Frontal Photopolymerization," Phys. Rev. E 2015, 92, 022403.
  26. Vitale, A.; Hennessy, M. G.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "A Unified Approach for Patterning Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Adv. Mater. 2015, n/a-n/a.

Other Papers of Interest on Thermal Fronts

Novozhilov, B. V. "The Rate of Propagation of the Front of an Exothermic Reaction in a Condensed Phase,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1961, 141, 151.

 

For Information on Frontal Polymerization Research in the Pojman Lab

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