Frontal Polymerization Bibliography

  1. Chechilo, N. M.; Khvilivitskii, R. J.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "On the Phenomenon of Polymerization Reaction Spreading," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1972, 204, 1180-1181.
  2. Butakov, A. A.; Maksimov, E. I. "An experimental study of the heat regimes of tubular reactor,"Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 209, 643.
  3. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Process of Anionic Activated Polymerization of e-caprolactams under Conditions of Wave Propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 208, 892.
  4. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Process of Anionic Activated Polymerization of e-caprolactams under Conditions of Wave Propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1973, 208, 892.
  5. Khanukaev, B. B.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Theory of the Propagation of a Polymerization Front,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1974, 214, 84-87.
  6. Khanukaev, B. B.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Theory of Polymerization-Front Propagation,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1974, 10, 562-568.
  7. Enikolopyan, N. S.; Kozhushner, M. A.; Khanukaev, B. B. "Molecular Weight Distribution during Isothermal and Frontal Polymerization,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1974, 217, 676-678.
  8. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Structure of the Polymerization Wave Front and Propagation Mechanism of the Polymerization Reaction,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1974, 214, 174-176.
  9. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Effect of the Concentration and Nature of Initiators on the Propagation Process in Polymerization,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1975, 221, 392-394.
  10. Aleksanyan, G. G.; Arutyunyan, K. A.; Bodneva, V. L.; Davtyan, S. P.; Prut, E. V.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Shkadinskii, K. G.; Yenikolopyan, N. S. "Some Rules Governing the Extension of the Front of Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers,"Polym. Sci. USSR 1975, A17, 1052-1059.
  11. Chechilo, N. M.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Effect of Pressure and Initial Temperature of the Reaction Mixture during Propagation of a Polymerization Reaction,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1976, 230, 840-843.
  12. Arutiunian, K. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Curing of epoxy resins of bis-phenol A by amines under conditions of reaction front propagation," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1975, 223, 657-660.
  13. Surkov, N. F.; Davtyan, S. P.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Calculation of the Steady Velocity of the Reaction Front during Hardening of Epoxy Oligomers by Diamines,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1976, 228, 435-438.
  14. Davtyan, S. P.; Gukasova, E. A.; Makarova, S. B.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Gel Effect During Adiabatic Polymerization of n-Butyl Methacrylate,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1976, 231, 1279-1281.
  15. Davtyan, S. P.; Surkov, N. F.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Influence of the Gel Effect on the Kinetics of Radical Polymerization under the Conditions of the Polymerization Front Propagation,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1977, 232, 64-67.
  16. Butakov, A. A.; Shtessel, E. A. "The effect of gravitational convection on the regularities of exothermal reactions in tubular reactors,"Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 1977, 237, 1422.
  17. Davtyan, S. P.; Arutyunyan, K. A.; Shkadinskii, K. G.; Rozenberg, B. A.; Yenikolopyan, N. S. "The Mechanism of Epoxide oligomer hardening by diamines under advancing reaction front conditions,"Polymer Science U.S.S.R. 1978, 19, 3149-3154.
  18. Davtyan, S. P.; Gel'man, E. A.; Karyan, A. A.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Enikolopyan, N. S. "Applicability of the Principle of Quasistationary concentrations to the Radical Polymerization of vinyl monomers under Adiabatic Conditions,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1980, 253, 579-582.
  19. Strunina, A. G.; Dvoryankin, A. V. Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1981, 260, 1185-1188.
  20. Gel'man, E. A.; Karyan, A. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Vol'pert, A. I. "Applicability of Principle of Quasistationary concentrations in Calculating Molecular Weight Distribution for Processes of Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers under nonisothermal Conditions,"Doklady Phys. Chem. 1981, 260, 971-974.
  21. Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Wave existence in the simultaneous polymerization and crystallization,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1982, 268, 62-65.
  22. Gusika, P. L. "Theory of Polymerization Front Propagation in a Suspension,"Khim. Fiz. 1982, 7, 988-993.
  23. Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Existence of the polymerization wave with crystallization of the initial substance,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1983, 273, 1155-1158.
  24. Begishev, V. P.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Malkin, A. Y. "On some Features of the Anionic Activated e-Caprolactam Polymerization Process under Wave Propagation Conditions,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1985, 279, 1075-1077.
  25. Begishev, V. P.; Davtjan, S. P.; Enikalopov, N .S. ; Malkin, A. Ya.; Frunze, T. V.; Kotelnikov, V. A. ; Avakjan, U. A.; Volpert, Vit. A. , "Method of Production of Block Polycaproamide," Patent No. 1155606 USSR, 1985.
  26. Volpert, V. A.; Mergabova, I. N.; Davtyan, S. P.; Begishev, V. P. "Propagation of the Caprolactam Polymerization Wave,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1986, 21, 443-447.
  27. Zhizhin, G. V.; Segal, A. S.; Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "On Stationary States of Spherical and Cylindrical Front of the Reaction in Liquid with Variable Viscosity,"Kinet. Kataliz 1986, 27, 1310-1314.
  28. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Steady-State Modes of Frontal Polymerization in Radial Symmetric Delivery of the Monomer,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1987, 293, 357-360.
  29. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Megrabova, I. N. "Frontal Regimes of the Exothermic Reaction Proceeding by Radially Symmetrical Supply of Reagents,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1988, 24, 711-719.
  30. Barelko, V. V.; Barkalov, I. M.; Goldanskii, V. I.; Kiryukhin, D. P.; Sanin, A. M. "Autowave Modes of Conversion in Low-Temperature Chemical Reactions in Solids," Adv. Chem. Phys. 1988, 74, 339-385.
  31. Babadzhanyan, A. S.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Megrabova, I. N. "Stability of frontal regimes for the occurence of an exothermic reaction with radially symmetrical supply of the reagents,"Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 1989, 25, 23-31.
  32. Megrabova, I. N.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Two-dimensional chemical reaction regimes in a flow,"Dokl. Phys. Chem. 1990, 307, 618-620.
  33. Pojman, J. A., "Traveling Fronts of Methacrylic Acid Polymerization," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 6284-6286.
  34. Balcom, B. J.; Carpenter, T. A.; Hall, L. D. "Methacrylic Acid Polymerization. Travelling Waves Observed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging,"Macromolecules 1992, 25, 6818-6823.
  35. Pojman, J. A.; Craven, R.; Khan, A.; West, W. "Convective Instabilities Induced by Traveling Fronts of Addition Polymerization," J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 7466-7472.
  36. White, S. R.; Kim, C., Thermochemical modeling of an economical manufacturing technique for composite structures,37th Int. SAMPE Symp. Exhib., 1992, 240-251.
  37. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P.; Mergabova, I. N.; Surkov, N. F. "Two-Dimensional Combustion Modes in Condensed Flow,"SIAM J. Appl. Math. 1992, 52, 368-383.
  38. White, S. R.; Kim, C. "A Simultaneous Lay-Up and in situ Cure Process for Thick Composites,"J. Reinforced Plastics and Comp. 1993, 12, 520-535.
  39. Pojman, J. A.; Nagy, I. P.; Salter, C. "Traveling Fronts of Addition Polymerization with a Solid Monomer,"J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 11044-11045.
  40. Korotkov, V. N.; Chekanov, Y. A.; Rozenberg, B. A. "The Simultaneous Process of Filament Winding and Curing for Polymer Composites,"Comp. Sci. & Tech. 1993, 47, 383-388.
  41. Solovyov, S. E.; Volpert, V. A.; Davtyan, S. P. "Radially Symmetric Flow of Reacting Liquid with Changing Viscosity,"SIAM J. Appl. Math. 1993, 53, 907-914.
  42. Volpert, Vit. A.; Volpert, Vl. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Effect of Thermal Expansion on Stability of Reaction Front Propagation," Chem. Eng. Sci. 1994, 14, 2385-2388.
  43. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. "Propagation of Frontal Polymerization-Crystallization Waves,"Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1994, 5, 201-215.
  44. Savostyanov, V. S.; Kritskaya, D. A.; Ponomarev, A. N.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Thermally Initiated Frontal Polymerization of Transition Metal Nitrate Acrylamide Complexes,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A: Poly. Chem. 1994, 32, 1201-1212.
  45. Pojman, J. A.; Willis, J.; Fortenberry, D.; Ilyashenko, V.; Khan, A. "Factors Affecting Propagating Fronts of Addition Polymerization: Velocity, Front Curvature, Temperature Profile, Conversion and Molecular Weight Distribution," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1995, 33, 643-652.
  46. Pojman, J. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M. "Spin Mode Instabilities in Propagating Fronts of Polymerization," Physica D 1995, 84, 260-268.
  47. Nagy, I. P.; Sike, L.; Pojman, J. A. "Thermochromic Composite Prepared Via a Propagating Polymerization Front," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 3611-3612.
  48. Ilyashenko, V.; Solovyov, S.; Pojman, J. A. "Theoretical Aspects of Self-Propagating Reaction Fronts in Condensed Medium," AIChE Journal 1995, 41, 2631-2636.
  49. Kim, C.; Teng, H.; Tucker, C. L.; White, S. R. "The Continuous Curing Process for Thermoset Polymer Composites. Part 1: Modeling and Demonstration,"J. Comp. Mater. 1995, 29, 1222-1253.
  50. Nagy, I. P.; Sike, L.; Pojman, J. A., "Thermochromic Composites and Propagating Polymerization Fronts," Adv. Mat. 1995, 7, 1038-1040.
  51. Szalay, J.; Nagy, I. P.; Barkai, I.; Zsuga, M. "Conductive Composites Prepared via a Propagating Polymerization Front,"Die Ang. Makr. Chem. 1996, 236, 97-109.
  52. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Hydrodynamic Stability of a Polymerization Front," Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1996, 7, 303-320.
  53. Garbey, M.; Taik, A.; Volpert, V. "Linear Stability Analysis of Reaction Fronts in Liquids,"Quart. Appl. Math. 1996, 54, 225-247.
  54. Pojman, J. A.;Willis, J. R.; Khan , A. M.; West, W. W., "The True Molecular Weight Distributions of Acrylate Polymers formed in Propagating Fronts," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1996, 34, 991-995.
  55. Nagy, I. P.; Pojman, J. A., "Suppressing Convective Instabilities in Propagating Fronts by Tube Rotation," J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 3299-3304.
  56. Volpert, V.; Volpert, V. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Hydrodynamic Stability of a Polymerization Front,"Eur. J. Appl. Math. 1996, 7, 303-320.
  57. Pojman, J. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M. "Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization: Self-Propagating Thermal Reaction Waves,"J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1996, 92, 2824-2836.
  58. Pojman, J. A.; Curtis, G.; Ilyashenko, V. M. "Frontal Polymerization in Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 115, 3783-3784.
  59. Khan, A. M.; Pojman, J. A. "The Use of Frontal Polymerization in Polymer Synthesis,"Trends Polym. Sci. (Cambridge, U.K.) 1996, 4, 253-257.
  60. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Garbey, M.; Pojman, J. A. Stability of Reaction Fronts: in Gas-Phase Chemical Reaction Systems: Experiments and Models 100 Years after Max Bodenstein; Wolfrum, J.; Volpp, H.-R.; Rannacher, R. Warnatz, J., Ed.; Springer Berlin: Heidelberg, 1996; pp 309-317.
  61. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Khan, A. M.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S. E. "Mathematical Modeling of Free-Radical Polymerization Fronts,"J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 3474-3482.
  62. Pojman, J. A.; Elcan, W.; Khan, A. M.; Mathias, L. "Binary Polymerization Fronts: A New Method to Produce Simultaneous Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (SINs),"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1997, 35, 227-230.
  63. Apostolo, M.; Tredici, A.; Morbidelli, M.; Varma, A. "Propagation Velocity of the Reaction Front in Addition Polymerization Systems,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1997, 35, 1047-1059.
  64. Bowden, G.; Garbey, M.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A.; Solovyov, S.; Taik, A.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Convection on a Propagating Front with a Solid Product: Comparison of Theory and Experiments,"J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 678-686.
  65. Solovyov, S. E.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Numerical Modeling of Self-Propagating Fronts of Addition Polymerization: The Role of Kinetics on Front Stability," Chaos 1997, 7, 331-340.
  66. Pojman, J. A.; West, W. W.; Simmons, J. "Propagating Fronts of Polymerization in the Physical Chemistry Laboratory," J. Chem. Ed. 1997, 74, 727-730.
  67. Pojman, J.; Fortenberry, D.; Ilyashenko, V. "Frontal Polymerization as an Analog of SHS," Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 1997, 6, 355-376.
  68. Chekanov, Y.; Arrington, D.; Brust, G.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Curing of Epoxy Resin: Comparison of Mechanical and Thermal Properties to Batch Cured Materials,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1997, 66, 1209-1216.
  69. Pojman, J. A.; Khan, A. M.; Mathias, L. J. "Frontal Polymerization in Microgravity: Results from the Conquest I Sounding Rocket Flight,"Microg. sci. technol. 1997, X, 36-40.
  70. Galyagin, K. S.; Vakhrameev, E. I. "Numerical Calculation of the Frontal Polymerisation of a Thermoplastic in a Cylindrical Reactor," International Polymer Science and Technology 1997, 25(5), 35-38.
  71. Coons, L. S.; Rangarajan, B.; Godshall, D.; Scranton, A. B. Photopolymerization of Vinyl Ester: Glass Fiber Composites: in Photopolymerization: Fundamentals and Applications, ACS Symposium Series 673; Scranton, A. B.; Bowman, C. N. Peiffer, R. W., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1997; pp 203-218.
  72. Srivastava, P. K.; Majhi, S. S.; Rastogi, R. P.; Hanazaki, I. "Color Bands in Methacrylic Acid Polymerization," Chem. Ltts. 1998, 27, 1251-1252.
  73. Tredici, A.; Pechhini, R.; Sliepcevich, A.; Morbidelli, M. "Polymer Blends by Self-Propagating Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1998, 70, 2695-2702.
  74. Tredici, A.; Pecchini, R.; Morbidelli, M. "Self-Propagating Frontal Copolymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 1998, 36, 1117-1126.
  75. Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Polymerization in a Porous Medium,"Chem. Eng. Sci. 1998, 53, 1655-1665.
  76. Fortenberry, D. I.; Khan, A.; Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. Frontal Polymerization: Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis of Polymeric Materials: in Synthesis and Characterization of Advanced Materials, ACS Symposium Series No. 681; Serio, M. A.; Gruen, D. M. Malhotra, R., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1998; pp 220-235.
  77. Volpert, Vit; Volpert, Vl.; Ilyashenko, V.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Polymerization in a Porous Medium," Chem. Eng. Sci. 1998, 53, 1655-1665.
  78. Ilyashenko, V. M.; Pojman, J. A. "Single Head Spin Modes in Frontal Polymerization,"Chaos 1998, 8, 285-289.
  79. Masere, J.; Pojman, J. A. "Free Radical-Scavenging Dyes as Indicators of Frontal Polymerization Dynamics,"J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1998, 94, 919-922.
  80. McCaughey, B.; Pojman, J. A.; Simmons, C.; Volpert, V. A. "The Effect of Convection on a Propagating Front with a Liquid Product: Comparison of Theory and Experiments,"Chaos 1998, 8, 520-529.
  81. Pojman, J. A.; Gunn, G.; Patterson, C.; Owens, J.; Simmons, C. "Frontal Dispersion Polymerization," J. Phys. Chem. B; 1998, 102, 3927-3929.
  82. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "Nonadiabatic frontal polymerization,"J. Eng. Math. 1998, 34, 301-318.
  83. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "A model of frontal polymerization including the gel effect,"Math. Problems in Engin. 1998, 4, 377-391.
  84. Galgyin, K. S.; Vakhrameev, E. L. "Numerical Calculation of the Frontal Polymerisation of a Thermoplastic in a Cylindrical Reactor," International. Polym. Sci. & Tech. 1998, 25, 35-38.
  85. Masere,J.; Stewart, F.; Meehan, T.; Pojman, J. A. "Period-doubling Behavior in Frontal Polymerization of Multifunctional Acrylates," Chaos, 1999, 9, 315-322
  86. Pojman, J. A.; Fortenberry, D.; Lewis, L. L.; Simmons, C.; Ilyashenko, V. Solvent-Free Synthesis by Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization: in Solvent-Free Polymerizations and Processes, ACS Symposium Series No. 713; Long, T. E. Hunt, M. O., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C., 1998; pp 140-153.
  87. Garbey, M.; Tromeur-Dervout, D. "A New Parallel Solver for the Nonperiodic Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations with a Fourier Method: Application to Frontal Polymerization,"J. Comp. Phys. 1998, 145, 316-331.
  88. Barelko, V. V.; Pomogailo, A. D.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Evstratova, S. I.; Rozenberg, A. S.; Uflyand, I. E. "The Autowave Modes of Solid Phase Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers in Two- and Three-Dimensional Fiberglass-Filled Matrices,"Chaos 1999, 9, 342-347.
  89. Szalay, J.; Nagy, I.; Bayai, I.; DeaK, G.; Bazsa, G.; Zsuga, M. "High Temperature Copolymerization of Styrene and Maleic Anhydride in Propagating Polymerization Front," Macromol. Rapid Comm. 1999, 20, 315-318.
  90. Goldfeder, P. M.; Volpert, V. A. "A Model of Frontal Polymerization Using Complex Initiation," Math. Problems in Enginering 1999, 5, 139-160.
  91. Schult, D. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Linear Stability Analysis of Thermal Free Radical Polymerization Waves,"Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 1999, 8, 417-440.
  92. Kiryukhin, D. P.; Barelko, V. V.; Barkalov, I. M. "Traveling Waves of Cryochemical Reaction in Radiolyzed Systems (Review)," High Energy Chemistry 1999, 33, 133-144.
  93. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "On The Steady State Approximation in Thermal Free Radical Frontal Polymerization,"Chem. Eng. Sci. 2000, 55, 641-654.
  94. Fortenberry, D. I.; Pojman, J. A. "Solvent-Free Synthesis of Polyacrylamide by Frontal Polymerization,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 2000, 38, 1129-1135
  95. Texier-Picard, R.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Effect of Interfacial Tension on Propagating Polymerization Fronts,"Chaos 2000, 10, 224-230.
  96. Masere, J.; Chekanov, Y..; Warren, J. R.; Stewart, F.; Al-Kaysi, R.; Rasmussen, J. K.; Pojman, J. A. "Gas-free Initiators for High-Temperature Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2000, 38,  3984-3990.
  97. Chekanov, Y. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Preparation of Functionally Gradient Materials Via Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2000, 78, 2398-2404.
  98. Kiryukhin, D. P.; Barkalov, I. M. "The Autowave Regimes of Cryopolymerization," Polymer Science Series B 2000, 42, 244-253.
  99. Rosell, A.; Storti, G.; Morbidelli, M. "Reaction Propagation in Frontal Polymerization," DECHEMA Monographien 2001, 137, 487-494.
  100. Manz, B.; Masere, J.; Pojman, J. A.; Volke, F. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spiral Patterns in Crosslinked Polymer Gels Produced via Frontal Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2001, 39, 1075-1080.
  101. Allali, K.; Pojman, J.; Volpert, V. "Influence of Vibrations on Convective Instability of Polymerization Fronts,"J. Eng. Math. 2001, 41, 13-31.
  102. Ainsworth, W.; Pojman, J. A.; Chekanov, Y.; Masere, J. Bubble Behavior in Frontal Polymerization: Results from KC-135 Parabolic Flights: in Polymer Research in Microgravity: Polymerization and Processing, ACS Symposium Series No. 793; Downey, J. P. Pojman, J. A., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2001; pp 112-125.
  103. Mariani, A.; Fiori, S.; Chekanov, Y.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene,"Macromolecules 2001, 34, 6539-6541.
  104. Washington, R. P.; Steinbock, O. "Frontal Polymerization Synthesis of Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogels,"J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 7933-7934.
  105. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Linear Stability Analysis of Nonadiabatic Free Radical Polymerization Waves,"Combustion Theory and Modelling 2001, 5, 21-39.
  106. Davtyan, D. S.; Bagdasaryan, A. E.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Davtyan, S. P. "To the Contribution of Thermal Convective Mass Transfer fo the Reactive Mixture Components to Frontal Curing of Epoxydiane Oligomers," Chem. Phys. Reports 2001, 19, 1757-1765.
  107. Davtyan, S. P.; Hambartsumyan, A. F.; Davtyan, D. S.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Hayrapetyan, S.; Bagyan, S. H.; Manukyan, L. S. "The Structure, Rate and Stability of Autowaves During Polymerization of Co Metal-Complexes with Acrylamide," European Polymer Journal 2002, 38, 2423-2431.
  108. Pojman, J. A.; Masere, J.; Petretto, E.; Rustici, M.; Huh, D.-S.; Kim, M. S.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Reactor Geometry on Frontal Polymerization Spin Modes,"Chaos 2002, 56-65.
  109. Bazile Jr., M.; Nichols, H. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. "The Effect of Orientation on Thermoset Frontal Polymerization,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. 2002, 40, 3504-3508.
  110. Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Nonlinear Dynamics of SHS-Like Processes in Polymer Chemistry" in Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Materials; A. A. Borisov, L. T. De Luca., A. G. Merzhanov, Ed.; Taylor and Francis:  New York, 2002; pp 99-118.
  111. Fiori, S.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Russo, S. "Interpenetrating Polydicyclopentadiene/Polyacrylate Networks Obtained by Simultaneous Non-interfering Frontal Polymerization,"e-Polymers 2002, 29, 1-10.
  112. Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Casazza, E. "Synthesis and Characterization of a Polyester/Styrene Resin obtained by Frontal Polymerization," e-Polymers 2002, 57, 1-10.
  113. Dzhardimalieva, G. I.Pomogailo, A.D.; Volpert, Vit .A. "Frontal Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers: A Topical Review,"Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers 2002, 12, 1-21.
  114. Gill, N.; Pojman, J. A.; Willis, J.; Whitehead, J. B. "Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal (PDLC) Materials Fabricated Using Frontal Polymerization,"J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2003, 41, 204-212
  115. Perry, M.F.; Volpert, Vl, A; Lewis, L. L.; Nichols, H. A.; Pojman, J. A. "Free-radical Frontal Copolymerization: The Dependence of the Front Velocity on the Monomer Feed Composition and Reactivity Ratios," Macromolecular Theory and Simulations 2003, 12, 276-286.
  116. Fiori, S.; Mariani, A.; Ricco, L.; Russo, S., "First Synthesis of a Polyurethane by Frontal Polymerization," Macromolecules 2003, 36, 2674-2679.
  117. Mariani, A.; Bidali, S.; Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Sanna, E. "Synthesis and Characterization of a Polyurethane Prepared by Frontal Polymerization,"e-Polymers 2003, 44, 1-9.
  118. Washington, R. P.; Steinbock, O. "Frontal Free-Radical Polymerization: Applications to Materials Synthesis," Polymer News 2003, 28, 303-310.
  119. Bidali, S.; Fiori, S.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A. "Frontal Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Tri-ethylene glycol) Dimethacrylate," e-Polymers 2003, 60, 1-12.
  120. Huh, D. S.; Kim, H. S. "Bistability of Propagating Front with Spin-mode in a Frontal Polymerization of Trimethylopropane Triacrylate,"Polymer International 2003, 52, 1900-1904.
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  235. Yu, C.; Zhou, J.; Wang, C.-f.; Chen, L.; Chen, S. "Rapid Synthesis of Poly(Hpa-Co-Veova 10) Amphiphilic Gels toward Removal of Toxic Solvents Via Plasma-Ignited Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2011, 49, 5217-5226.
  236. Singh, S., Singh, M.,Yadav, B. C.,Tandon, P.,Pomogailo, S. I.,Dzhardimalieva, G. I.,Pomogailo, A. D. "Experimental Investigations on Liquefied Petroleum Gas Sensing of Cd(No3)2.(Aam)4.2h2o and Cds/Polyacrylamide Synthesized Via Frontal Polymerization," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2011, 160, 826-834.
  237. Illescas, J.; Ramirez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Rivera, E.; Morales-Saavedra, O. G.; Rodríguez-Rosales, A. A.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Diacrylate Copolymers Containing Azobenzene Groups Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2011, 49, 3291-3298.
  238. Rigolini, J.; Bombled, F.; Ehrenfeld, F.; El Omari, K.; Le Guer, Y.; Grassl, B. "2d-Infrared Thermography Monitoring of Ultrasound-Assisted Polymerization of Water-Soluble Monomer in a Gel Process," Macromolecules 2011, 44, 4462-4469.
  239. Ramírez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Illescas, J.; Gelover-Santiago, A.; Rivera, E. "“Luminescent Polymers Containing Pyrenyl Groups Prepared by Frontal Polymerization of Di(Ethylene Glycol) Ethyl Ether Acrylate Using Trigonox-23 as Initiator”," Mater. Chem. Phys. 2012, 135, 772-779.
  240. Li, S.; Zhang, H.; Feng, J.; Xu, R.; Liu, X. "Facile Preparation of Poly(Acrylic Acid–Acrylamide) Hydrogels by Frontal Polymerization and Their Use in Removal of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Solution," Desalination 2011 280, 95-102.
  241. Li, J.; Ji, J.; Xia, J.; Li, B. "Preparation of Konjac Glucomannan-Based Superabsorbent Polymers by Frontal Polymerization," Carbohydrate Polymers 2012, 87 757-763.
  242. Sanna, R.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Marceddu, S.; Mariani, A. "Polymer Hydrogels of 2-Hydroxyethyl Acrylate and Acrylic Acid Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012, 50, 1515-1520.
  243. Illescas, J.; Ortíz-Palacios, J.; Esquivel-Guzmán, J.; Ramirez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Rivera, E.; Morales-Saavedra, O. G.; Rodríguez-Rosales, A. A.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Scognamillo, S.; Mariani, A. "Preparation and Optical Characterization of Two Photoactive Poly(Bisphenol a Ethoxylate Diacrylate) Copolymers Containing Designed Amino-Nitro-Substituted Azobenzene Units, Obtained Via Classical and Frontal Polymerization, Using Novel Ionic Liquids as Initiators," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012 50, 1906-1916.
  244. Parrinello, C. A.; Bounds, C. O.; Liveri, M. L. T.; Pojman, J. A. "Thermal Frontal Polymerization with a Thermally Released Redox Catalyst," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2012, 50, 2337-2343.
  245. Datta, P.; Efimenkoa, K.; Genzer, J. "The Effect of Confinement on Thermal Frontal Polymerization," Polym. Chem. 2012, 3, 3243–3246.
  246. Pojman, J. A. Frontal Polymerization: in Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference; Matyjaszewski, K. Möller, M., Ed.; Elsevier BV: Amsterdam, 2012; pp 957–980.
  247. Viner, V. "Frontal Polymerization of a Cyanate Ester," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2013, 128, 2208-2215.
  248. Mota-Morales, J. D.; Gutiérrez, M. C.; Ferrer, M. L.; Sanchez, I. C.; Elizalde-Peña, E. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Monte, F. D.; Luna-Bárcenas, G. "Deep Eutectic Solvents as Both Active Fillers and Monomers for Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A:  Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 1767–1773.
  249. Sangermano, M.; Marchi, S.; Ligorio, D.; Meier, P.; Kornmann, X. "Uv-Induced Frontal Polymerization of a Pt-Catalyzed Hydrosilation Reaction," Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics 2013, 214, 943-947.
  250. Mota-Morales, J. D.; Gutierrez, M. C.; Ferrer, M. L.; Jimenez, R.; Santiago, P.; Sanchez, I. C.; Terrones, M.; Del Monte, F.; Luna-Barcenas, G. "Synthesis of Macroporous Poly(Acrylic Acid)-Carbon Nanotube Composites by Frontal Polymerization in Deep-Eutectic Solvents," J. Mater. Chem. A, 2103, 1, 3970-3976.
  251. Morales, A.; Pojman, J. A. "A Study of the Effects of Thiols on the Frontal Polymerization and Pot Life of Multifunctional Acrylate Systems Initiated by Cumene Hydroperoxide," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 3850-3855.
  252. Zhong, D.-D.; Liu, X.; Pang, Q.-Q.; Huang, Y.-P.; Liu, Z.-S. "Rapid Preparation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer by Frontal Polymerization," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2013, 405, 3205-3214.
  253. Zhou, Z.-F.; Yu, C.; Wang, X.-Q.; Tang, W.-Q.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Facile Access to Poly(Nma-Co-Vcl) Hydrogels Via Long Range Laser Ignited Frontal Polymerization," J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1, 7326-7331.
  254. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J., "Photo-triggered redox frontal polymerization: A new tool for synthesizing thermally sensitive materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51 (21), 4515-4521.
  255. Liu, N.; Shao, H.; Wangm C-F; Chen, Q-L.; Chen, S. "High performance of interpenetrating polymer network hydrogels induced by frontal polymerization," Colloid Polym Sci. 2013, 291, 1871–1879.
  256. Illescas, J.; Sanna, R.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Casu, M.; Rivera, E.; Mariani, A. "Organic–Inorganic Interpenetrating Polymer Networks and Hybrid Polymer Materials Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 4618-4625.
  257. Li, S.; Huang, H.; Tao, M.; Liu, X.; Cheng, T. "Frontal Polymerization Preparation of Poly(Acrylamide-Co-Acrylic Acid)/Activated Carbon Composite Hydrogels for Dye Removal," J. Appl. Poly. Sci. 2013, 129, 3737-3745.
  258. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J. "Phototriggered Base Proliferation: A Highly Efficient Domino Reaction for Creating Functionally Photo-Screened Materials," Macromolecules 2013, 46, 6402-6407.
  259. He, M.; Huang, X.; Zeng, Z.; Yang, J. "Domino free radical photopolymerization based on phototriggered base proliferation reaction and redox initiations," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2014, 52, 1560–1569.
  260. Scognamillo, S.; Bounds, C.; Thakuri, S.; Mariani, A.; Wu, Q.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Cationic Curing of Epoxy Resins in the Presence of Defoaming or Expanding Compounds," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40339-40349.
  261. Corcione, C.; Freuli, F.; Frigione, M. "Cold-Curing Structural Epoxy Resins: Analysis of the Curing Reaction as a Function of Curing Time and Thickness," Materials 2014, 7, 6832.
  262. Yu, C.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Robust Self-Healing Host–Guest Gels from Magnetocaloric Radical Polymerization," Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 1235-1242.
  263. Li, S.; HanlinWang; Huang, W.; Liu, X. "Facile Preparation of pH-Sensitive Poly(Acrylic Acid-Co-Acrylamide)/Sio2 Hybrid Hydrogels with High Strength by in Situ Frontal Polymerization," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2014, 292, 107–113.
  264. Qingbin, L.; Yongjun, H.; Qingzhi, Y.; Changchun, G. "Reaction System, Initiation, Process and Application of Frontal Polymerization," Progress in Chemistry 2014, 26, 1202-1213.
  265. Z. Chen, P. L., L. Shi, Z. X. Huang, B. Y. Jiang "Preparation of Nano Carbon Black/Epoxy Composite by Frontal Polymerization," Applied Mechanics and Materials 2014, 692, 416-419.
  266. Pomogailo, D. A.; Singh, S.; Singh, M.; Yadav, B. C.; Tandon, P.; Pomogailo, S. I.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Kydralieva, K. A. "PolymerMatrix Nanocomposite GasSensing Materials," Inorganic Mater. 2014, 50, 296–305.
  267. Carranza, A.; Gewin, M.; Pojman, J. A. "Europium-Doped Aluminum Oxide Phosphors as Indicators for Frontal Polymerization Dynamics," Chaos 2014, 24, 023118.
  268. Ruiu, A.; Sanna, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Mariani, A. "Advances in the Frontal Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene," J. Poly. Sci. Part A. Poly. Chem. 2014, 52, 2776-2780.
  269. Tang, W.-Q.; Mao, L.-H.; Zhou, Z.-F.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, Q.-L.; Chen, S. "Facile Synthesis of 4-Vinylpyridine-Based Hydrogels Via Laser-Ignited Frontal Polymerization and Their Performance on Ion Removal," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2014, 292, 2529-2537.
  270. Robertson, I. D.; Hernandez, H. L.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S. "Rapid Stiffening of a Microfluidic Endoskeleton Via Frontal Polymerization," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 18469-18474.
  271. Allali, K.; Assiyad, S.; Belhaq, M. "Convection of Polymerization Front with Solid Product under Quasi-Periodic Gravitational Modulation," Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory 2014, 14, 323–334.
  272. Tonoyan, A. O.; Davtyan, S. P.; Müller, S. C. "Frontal Reaction of Epoxy Oligomers in Tubular Flux Reactors," Macromol. React. Eng. 2014, 8, 442-450.
  273. Davtyan, S. P.; Tonoyan, A. O.; Varderesyan, A. Z.; Müller, S. C. "Frontal Copolymerization in the Presence of Nano-Particles," European Polymer Journal 2014, 57, 182-186.
  274. Chen, Q.-L.; Tang, W.-Q.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Synthesis of Fluorescent Carbon Dots from One-Step Pyrolysis of Frontal-Polymerized Poly(Acrylamide-Co-4-Vinylpyridine)," Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. 2014, 117, 1583-1588.
  275. Retailleau, M.; Ibrahim, A.; Allonas, X. "Dual-Cure Photochemical/Thermal Polymerization of Acrylates: A Photoassisted Process at Low Light Intensity," Polymer Chemistry 2014, 5, 6503-6509.
  276. Corcione, C. E.; Freuli, F.; Frigione, M. "Cold-Curing Structural Epoxy Resins: Analysis of the Curing Reaction as a Function of Curing Time and Thickness," Materials 2014, 7, 6832-6842.
  277. Zhou, J. P.; Zhao, H. F.; Wu, H. R.; Liu, Z. L.; Jia, S. J. " Alicyclic Epoxy Resin Cured by Thermal Frontal Polymerization," CIESC Journal 2014, 65, 3283-3289.
  278. Nuvoli, D.; Alzari, V.; Pojman, J.; Sanna, V.; Ruiu, A.; Sanna, D.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Functionally Gradient Materials Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 3600−3606.
  279. Kalinina, K. S.; Golubeva, N. D.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Macromolecular Acrylamide Complexes of Rhodium: Synthesis and Characterization," Macromolecular Symposia 2015, 351, 81-86.
  280. Illescas, J.; Ramírez-Fuentes, Y. S.; Zaragoza-Galán, G.; Porcu, P.; Mariani, A.; Rivera, E. "Pegda-Based Luminescent Polymers Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2015, 53, 2890-2897.
  281. Singh, S.; Singh, A.; Yadav, B. C.; Tandon, P.; Kumar, S.; Yadav, R. R.; Pomogailo, S. I.; Dzhardimalieva, G. I.; Pomogailo, A. D. "Frontal Polymerization of Acrylamide Complex with Nanostructured Zns and Pbs: Their Characterizations and Sensing Applications," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2015, 207, Part A, 460-469.
  282. Zhang, W.; Yang, S.; Wang, C.-F.; Chen, S. "Anisotropic Biphase Frontal Polymerization toward in Situ Generation of Dual-Component Polymers," Macromolecules 2015, 48, 5543-5549.
  283. Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Sanna, D.; Ruiu, A.; Mariani, A. "Effect of Limonene on the Frontal Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Dicyclopentadiene," Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2016, 54, 63-68.
  284. Nuvoli, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, L.; Rassu, M.; Sanna, D.; Mariani, A. "Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(2-Hydroxyethylacrylate)/Β-Cyclodextrin Hydrogels Obtained by Frontal Polymerization," Carbohydrate Polymers 2016, 150, 166-171.
  285. Robertson, I. D.; Pruitt, E. L.; Moore, J. S. "Frontal Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Exo-Dicyclopentadiene for Low Catalyst Loadings," ACS Macro Lett. 2016, 5, 593-596.
  286. Nuvoli, L.; Sanna, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Sanna, V.; Malfatti, L.; Mariani, A. "Double Responsive Copolymer Hydrogels Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 2016, 54, 2166-2170.
  287. Holt, T.; Fazende, K.; Jee, E.; Wu, Q.; Pojman, J. A. "Cure-on-Demand Wood Adhesive Based on the Frontal Polymerization of Acrylates," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 44064.
  288. Tonoyan, A. O.; Kotikyan, S. Y.; Davtyan, S. P. "Analogies between Chemical and Biological Processes Occurring in Autowave Mode," Rev. J. Chem. 2016, 6, 218–251.
  289. Wang, X.-L.; Yao, H.-F.; Li, X.-Y.; Wang, X.; Huang, Y.-P.; Liu, Z.-S. "pH/Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogel-Based Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (HydroMIPS) for Drug Delivery by Frontal Polymerization," RSC Advances 2016, 6, 94038-94047.
  290. Zhou, J.; Jia, S.; Fu, W.; Liu, Z.; Tan, Z. "Fast Curing of Thick Components of Epoxy Via Modified Uv-Triggered Frontal Polymerization Propagating Horizontally," Materials Letters 2016, 176, 228-231.
  291. Rassu, M.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Nuvoli, L.; Sanna, D.; Sanna, V.; Malucelli, G.; Mariani, A. "Semi-Interpenetrating Polymer Networks of Methyl Cellulose and Polyacrylamide Prepared by Frontal Polymerization,"J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem 2017, 55, 1268-1274.
  292. Du, X.-Y.; Liu, S.-S.; Wang, C.-F.; Wu, G.; Chen, S. "Facile Synthesis of Self-Healing Gel Via Magnetocaloric Bottom-Ignited Frontal Polymerization," J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 2017, 55, 2585-2593.
  293. Sanna, D.; Alzari, V.; Nuvoli, D.; Nuvoli, L.; Rassu, M.; Sanna, V.; Mariani, A. "Β-Cyclodextrin-Based Supramolecular Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels Prepared by Frontal Polymerization," Carbohydrate Polymers 2017, 166, 249-255.
  294. Tullier, M. P.; Pojman, J. A. "Cure-on-Demand Acrylamide Grout Using Frontal Polymerization," J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 2017, 29, 06017014.
  295. Lecompère, M.; Allonas, X.; Maréchal, D.; Criqui, A. "Versatility of Pyrylium Salt/Vinyl Ether Initiating System for Epoxide Dual-Cure Polymerization: Kick-Starting Effect of the Coinitiator," Macromolecular Rapid Communications 2017, 38, 1600660.
  296. Klikovits, N.; Liska, R.; D'Anna, A.; Sangermano, M. "Successful UV-Induced RICFP of Epoxy-Composites," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 1700313.
  297. Robertson, I. D.; Dean, L. M.; Rudebusch, G. E.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S. "Alkyl Phosphite Inhibitors for Frontal Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization Greatly Increase Pot Life," ACS Macro Letters 2017, 6, 609-612.
  298. Fazende, K. F.; Phachansitthi, M.; Mota-Morales, J. D.; Pojman, J. A. "Frontal Polymerization of Deep Eutectic Solvents Composed of Acrylic and Methacrylic Acids," J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 2017, 55, 4046-4050.
  299. Robertson, I. D.; Yourdkhani, M.; Centellas, P. J.; Aw, J. E.; Ivanoff, D. G.; Goli, E.; Lloyd, E. M.; Dean, L. M.; Sottos, N. R.; Geubelle, P. H.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R. "Rapid Energy-Efficient Manufacturing of Polymers and Composites Via Frontal Polymerization," Nature 2018, 557, 223-227.
  300. Mesele, T. N.; Xiang‐Yun, D.; Si‐Si, L.; Cai‐Feng, W.; Su, C. "Frontal Polymerization for Smart Intrinsic Self‐Healing Hydrogels and Its Integration with Microfluidics," J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 2018, 56, 1412-1423.
  301. Sangermano, M.; D'Anna, A.; Marro, C.; Klikovits, N.; Liska, R. "Uv-Activated Frontal Polymerization of Glass Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Composites," Composites Part B: Engineering 2018, 143, 168-171.

 

Patents Related to Frontal Polymerization

Dixon, G. D., "In Depth Curing of Resins Induced by Uv Radiation," 1980, U. S. Patent, 4,222,835.

Scranton, A. B.; Bharath, R.; S., C. L., "Thick, Composite Parts Made from Photopolymerizable Compositions and Methods for Making Such Parts," 1999, U. S. Patent 5,855,837,

Pojman, J. A.; McCardle, T. W. "Functionally Gradient Polymeric Materials," 2000, U.S. Patent 6,057,406.


Pojman, J. A.; McCardle, T. W. "Functionally Gradient Polymeric Materials," 2001, U.S. Patent 6,313,237.

Gregory, S., "Ultraviolet curable resin compositions having enhanced shadow cure properties," 2001, U.S. Patent 6,245,827.


Pfeil; A ; Burgel; T.; Morbidelli; M.; Rosell; A.," Mortar composition, curable by frontal polymerization, and a method for fastening tie bars," 2003, U.S. Patent 6,533,503

Burgel, T.; Marianne, B., "Mortar Composition of at Least Two Components and Curable by Heat Initiation and a Method for Fastening Tie Rods, Reinforcing Steel for Concrete or the Like in Solid Substrates," 2004, US Patent, 6,815,517.

MacKay, B. A.; Sullivan, P. F.; Nicolas Droger, N.; Ralph M. D’Angelo, W.; Miller, D. E., "Method for Treating Well Bore within a Subterranean Formation.," 2012, US, 8,215,393 B2.

Moszner, N.; Salz, U.; Burtscher, P.; Liska, R.; GUGG, A.; GORSCHE, C., "Polymerizable Compositions with Improved through-Curing Depth," 2015, US8557888B2.

 

Isothermal Frontal Polymerization ( Interfacial Gel Polymerization)

  1. Koike, Y.; Takezawa, Y.; Ohtsuka, Y. "New Interfacial-Gel Copolymerization Techniques for Steric GRIN Polymer Optical Waveguides and Lens Arrays,"Appl. Opt. 1988, 27, 486-491.
  2. Golubev, V. B.; Gromov, D. G.; Korolev, B. A. "The Mechanism of Frontal Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate,"J. Appl. Polymer Science 1992, 46, 1501-1502.
  3. Gromov, D. G.; Frisch, H. L. "A simple Mathematical Model of Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polymer Science 1992, 46, 1499-1500.
  4. Koike, Y. Gradient Index Materials and Components: in Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics; Hornak, L. A., Ed.; Marcel Dekker: New York, 1992; pp 71-104.
  5. Smirnov, B. R. M. k., S. S.; Lusinov, I. A.; Sidorenko, A. A.;Stegno, E. V.; Ivanov, V. V. "Frontal radical polymerization in the presence of a polymeric inhibitor,"Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 1993, 35, 161-162.
  6. Zhang, Q.; Wang, P.; Zhai, Y. "Refractive Index Distribution of Graded Index Poly(methyl methacrylate) Preform Made by Interfacial-Gel Polymerization,"Macromolecules 1997, 30, 7874-7879.
  7. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Mathematical Modeling of Interfacial Gel Polymerization,"Mathematical and Computer Modelling 1999, 30, 67-73.
  8. Spade, C. A.; Volpert, V. A. "Mathematical Modeling of Interfacial Gel Polymerization for Weak and Srtong Gel Effects,"Macromol. Theory Simul. 2000, 9, 26-46.
  9. Masere, J.; Lewis, L. L.; Pojman, J. A. "Optical Gradient Materials Produced Via Low-Temperature Isothermal Frontal Polymerization,"J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2001, 80, 686-691.
  10. Ivanov, V. V.; Stegno, E. V.; Pushchaeva, L. M. "Influence of Reaction Conditions on the Frontal Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate," Polym. Sci. Ser. A 2002, 44, 1017-1022.
  11. Lewis, L. L.; DeBisschop, C. A.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert, V. A. Evolution of Isothermal Polymerization Fronts via Laser Line Deflection and Predictive Modeling: in Nonlinear Dynamics in Polymeric Systems, ACS Symposium Series No. 869; Pojman, J. A. Tran-Cong-Miyata, Q., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2003; pp 169-185.
  12. Lewis, L. L.; DeBisschop, C. S.; Pojman, J. A.; Volpert4, V. A. "Isothermal Frontal Polymerization: Confirmation of the Mechanism and Determination of Factors Affecting Front Velocity, Front Shape, and Propagation Distance with Comparison to Mathematical Modeling,"J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem. 2005, 43, 5774-5786.
  13. Devadoss, D. E.; Volpert, V. A. "Modeling Isothermal Free-Radical Frontal Polymerization with Gel Effect Using Free Volume Theory, with and without Inhibition," J. Mathematical Chem. 2006, 39, 73-104.
  14. Evstratova, S. I.; Antrim, D.; Fillingane, C.; Pojman, J. A. "Isothermal Frontal Polymerization: Confirmation of the Isothermal Nature of the Process and the Effect of Oxygen and Polymer Seed Molecular Weight on Front Propagation," J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2006, 44, 3601-3608.
  15. Cho, H.; Son, Y. M.; Kim, M. G.; Ra, B. J.; Park, J.-Y.; Lee, S. H.; Choi, J. S.; Song, M. Y.; Park, O. O.; Kim, Y. C.; Hwang, J. T. "Commercial Scale Fabrication Method for Fabricating a Gradient Refractive-Index Rod: Overcoming Volume Shrinkage and Chemical Restrictions," Appl. Optics 2006, 45, 7239-7247.
  16. Lewis, L. L.; Massey, K. N.; Meyer, E. R.; McPherson, J. R.; Hanna, J. S. "New Insight into Isothermal Frontal Polymerization Models: Wieners Method to Determine the Diffusion Coefficients for High Molecular-Weight Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) with Neat Methyl Methacrylate," Optics and Lasers in Engineering 2008, 46, 900-910.
  17. Ivanov, V. V.; Mel’nikov, V. P.; Stegno, E. V. "Efficiency of Polymer Inhibitors Upon Methylmethacrylate Polymerization in Frontal Mode," Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2012, 6, 750-751.

 

Frontal Photopolymerization

(A localized propagation polymerization reaction that is driven by absorption of light.)

 

  1. Koike, Y.; Hatanaka, H.; Otsuka, Y. "Studies on the Light-Focusing Plastic Rod. 17. Plastic Grin Rod Lens Prepared by Photocopolymerization of a Ternary Monomer System," Appl. Opt. 1984, 23, 1779-1783.
  2. Ohtsuka, Y.; Koike, Y. "Studies on the Light Focusing Plastic Rod. 18: Control of Refractive-Index Distribution by Photocopolymerization," Appl. Opt. 1985, 24, 4316-4320.Righetti, P. G.; Bossi, A.; Giglio, M.; Vailati, A.;
  3. Lyubimova, T.; Briskman, V. A. "Is Gravity on our Way? The Case of Polyacrylamide Gel Polymerization," Electrophoresis 1994, 15, 1005-1013.
  4. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G. "Polymer Under Microgravity Conditions: Results and Perspectives," Polym. Prepr. (Am Chem. Soc. Div. Polym. Chem.) 2000, 41, 1054-1055.
  5. Briskman, V. A. "Gravitational Effects in Polymerization,"Adv. Space Res. 1999, 24, 1199-1210.
  6. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G.; Levtov, V.; Lyubimova, T.; Mashinsky, A.; Nechitailo, G.; Romanov, V. "Polymerization Under Different Gravity Conditions,"Acta Astronautica 1996, 39, 395-402.
  7. Briskman, V. A.; Kostarev, K. G.; Lyubimova, T. P. Gel Polymerization at High Gravity: in Materials Processing in High Gravity; Regel, L. L., Ed.; Plenum: New York, 1994; pp 185-191.
  8. Terrones, G.; Pearlstein, A. J. "Effects of Optical Attenuation and Comsumption of a Photobleaching Initiator on Local Initiation Rates in Photopolymerizations,"Macromolecules 2001, 34, 3195-3204.
  9. Ivanov, V. V.; Decker, C. "Kinetic Study of Photoinitiated Frontal Polymerization,"Polym. Intern. 2001, 50, 113-118.
  10. Miller, G. A.; Gou, L.; Narayanan, V.; Scranton, A. B. "Modeling of Photobleaching for the Photoiniation of Thick Polymerization Systems," J. Poly. Sci.: Part A: Polym. Chem. 2002, 40, 793-808.
  11. Belk, M.; Kostarev, K. G.; Volpert, V.; Yudina, T. M. "Frontal Photopolymerization with Convection,"J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107, 10292-10298.
  12. Cabral, J. T.; Hudson, S. D.; Harrison, C.; Douglas, J. F. "Frontal Photopolymerization for Microfluidic Applications,"Langmuir 2004, 20, 10020-10029.
  13. Decker, C.; Keller, L.; Zahouily, K.; Benfarhi, S. "Synthesis of Nanocomposite Polymers by UV-radiation Curing," Polymer, 2005, 46, 6640-6648.
  14. João T. Cabral & Jack F. Douglas (2005) Propagating waves of network formation induced by light. Polymer, 46, 4230-4241.
  15. Warren, J. A.; Cabral, J. T.; Douglas, J. F. "Solution of a Field Theory Model of Frontal Photopolymerization.," Phys. Rev. E 2005, 72, 021801.
  16. Tao, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Cui, Y.; Chen, Y. "Study on Spatial–Temporal Kinetics of Photo-Initiated Frontal Polymerization in Stacked Reaction Cells," Polym. Intern. 2006, 55, 418-425.
  17. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "Monitoring Frontal Photopolymerization by Electroresistance," Eur. Polym. J. 2007, 43, 3912–3922.
  18. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zeng, Z.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "Unique Morphology and Properties Study of Polyacrylate Obtained Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Polymer 2007, 48, 5994-6001.
  19. Cui, Y.; Yang, J.; Zhan, Y.; Zeng, Z.; Chen, Y. "In Situ Fabrication of Polyacrylate/Nanozirconia Hybrid Material Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Colloid Polym. Sci. 2008, 286, 97-106.
  20. Kostarev, K. G.; Svistkov, A. L.; Shmyrov, A. V. "Formation of Inhomogeneities in Polyacrylamide Gel in the Course of Frontal Polymerization," Polym. Sci. Ser. A 2008, 50, 710-715.
  21. Hayki, N.; Lecamp, L.; DeÃÅsilles, N.; Lebaudy, P. "Kinetic Study of Photoinitiated Frontal Polymerization. Influence of Uv Light Intensity Variations on the Conversion Profiles," Macromolecules 2009, 43, 177-184.
  22. Turturro, M. V.; Papavasiliou, G. "Generation of Mechanical and Biofunctional Gradients in Peg Diacrylate Hydrogels by Perfusion-Based Frontal Photopolymerization," Journal of Biomaterials Science 2012, 23, 917–939.
  23. Vitale, A.; Hennessy, M. G.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "Interfacial Profile and Propagation of Frontal Photopolymerization Waves," Macromolecules 2014, 48, 198-205.
  24. Hennessy, M. G.; Vitale, A.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "Controlling Frontal Photopolymerization with Optical Attenuation and Mass Diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 2015, 91, 062402.
  25. Hennessy, M. G.; Vitale, A.; Cabral, J. T.; Matar, O. K. "Role of Heat Generation and Thermal Diffusion During Frontal Photopolymerization," Phys. Rev. E 2015, 92, 022403.
  26. Vitale, A.; Hennessy, M. G.; Matar, O. K.; Cabral, J. T. "A Unified Approach for Patterning Via Frontal Photopolymerization," Adv. Mater. 2015, 27, 6118-6124.
  27. Purnama, A. R.; Hennessy, M. G.; Vitale, A.; Cabral, J. T. "Coarse-Grained Models for Frontal Photopolymerization with Evolving Conversion Profile," Polym. Int. 2017, 66, 752-760.

Other Papers of Interest on Thermal Fronts

Novozhilov, B. V. "The Rate of Propagation of the Front of an Exothermic Reaction in a Condensed Phase,"Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1961, 141, 151.

 

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